Industrial site selection is an important process that involves considering multiple factors that could affect the working of the industry either during construction or during production. It requires suitable tools to enable data gathering, storage, analysis, amalgamation, and knowledge management to address this intricate multifaceted scenario. A few of the factors which can help in the Industrial site selection are,
- LOCATION ACCESSIBILITY AND INFRASTRUCTURE
- ZONAL CLASSIFICATION
- SITE CLEANING & CLEARING
- TOPO AND GEOTECHNICAL SURVEY
- SEWAGE AND EFFLUENT DISCHARGE
- POWER AND WATER SUPPLY CONDITIONS
- CNG, LPG, AND FUEL OIL SUPPLY CONDITIONS
LOCATION ACCESSIBILITY AND INFRASTRUCTURE
It is necessary to keep into consideration the access to the site. The easily accessible factory is essential not only for manpower but also for getting raw materials, sending out finished goods. Customers and Suppliers would prefer an easily accessible place.
The product to be manufactured in the proposed factory also plays a key role while selecting the site. The statutory norms prohibit some industries, especially those which are polluting to come up near residential areas.
SITE CLEANING & CLEARING
The current situation of the site including the level of cleaning and clearing necessary has to be considered. We should also consider any local restriction of disposal of material.
TOPO AND GEOTECHNICAL SURVEY
A topographic survey and soil test helps ascertain whether the land can be purchased or not. A land with uneven contour may require excavation & /or filling. Soil conditions also determine the type of foundation to be provided for the industry.
SEWAGE AND EFFLUENT DISCHARGE
Some industrial areas have treatment plants located near them. The utilization of these plants by the industries may reduce the environmental pollution caused by Industries. This will also reduce the burden for the industries of putting up a new treatment plant of its own.
POWER AND WATER SUPPLY CONDITIONS
The power supply company and the substation should be checked before the Industrial site selection. Considering other factors like incoming lines, the stability of voltage, classified industrial power lines, etc before the selection of a plot will be helpful for industries in the longer run. The availability and sources of water should be considered. The daily water usage and fire service needs are to be calculated. The needs have to be crosschecked with availability.
CNG, LPG, AND FUEL OIL SUPPLY CONDITIONS
The availability of a piped supply of Gas is a necessity for many industries. Many industries use fuel for their process. Dependable supply to the site is an advantage. These factors help in making a decision while selecting an industrial site. Many other commercial factors also impact the Industrial site selection process like – the cost of land, incentives provided by the state, ease of doing business, etc.